|What is it IT?
Information technology and communications is an industry that is responsible for collecting, storing and transmitting information using technical devices and, in general, for communicating people at a distance. The real information technology boom occurred in the 1990s due to the proliferation of personal computers, the Internet and personal mobile phones. Today in Russia, about 89% of young people constantly use the Internet and mobile phones. Information technology (or IT, Information Technology) is the most rapidly developing sector of the global economy.
What is included: mobile communication, local telephone communication, long-distance and international communication, data transfer (including the Internet), software development.
Examples of professions: programmer, system administrator, mobile developer, web-designer, SEO specialist, game designer, information security specialist, telecommunications and telecommunications engineer, communications operator.
IT field today
The number of IT workers in Russia is about 850 thousand people, that is, 1% of the total working population of the country. This, by the way, is significantly less than in the leading countries in software development and technology deployment: in the USA, Great Britain and Germany, the share of IT specialists exceeds 3.5% of the total working-age population. The Ministry of Communications of Russia is developing strategies and educational programs to increase the number of professionals in the field of information technology: the first IT cluster in education and business in Russia opened in Skolkovo in 2011.
In our country, information technology is a young and actively developing field. Among the Russian IT companies there are several brands that are widely known abroad: Yandex, Kaspersky Lab, Softline, Abbyy, Telegram, etc.
The IT sector is attractive because of its internationalism: many companies have offices in different countries and recruit the most qualified performers around the world to the team. Therefore, IT-specialists can work anywhere in the world where the Internet is available. Another feature of this industry is dynamism. Changes in the field of computer technology occur every 6 months, that is, new types of information transfer are invented, unique systems and services are being commissioned. This IT-specialist is forced to always keep abreast of and be aware of changes in the industry.